PBN (Pyrolytic Boron Nitride) is a high-purity ceramic material widely used in semiconductor applications. PBN crucibles have many advantages over traditional crucibles made of graphite and quartz. This article is going to brief how they are made, their benefits, and their uses. 

Figure 1. PBN Crucibles

What Are PBN Ceramic Crucibles? 

PBN Crucibles are pyrolytic boron nitride vessels used for heating high melting point materials, which have a special structure and excellent properties. 

PBN ceramics have a hexagonal structure very similar to graphite. The layers within the PBN are connected by weaker van der Waals forces rather than strong covalent bonds. PBN ceramics also have excellent thermal performance and chemical stability, allowing them to withstand high temperatures and harsh environments.

How to Make PBN Crucibles?

PBN crucibles are typically manufactured using chemical vapor deposition (CVD), which is performed at high temperatures and low pressure using BCl3 and NH3. In this process, a mixture of boron and nitrogen gases is introduced into a high-temperature chamber and reacts to form a PBN thin film on the substrate. 

The PBN layer produced by CVD is very uniform and has few impurities, making it very resistant to cracks and damage. 

What Are the Uses of PBN Crucibles? 

PBN crucibles have a variety of applications. 

For one thing, with high purity, high melting point, and excellent chemical stability, PBN crucibles are most often preferred when working in high-temperature environments or when crucible materials can not react with the molten material. 

PBN crucibles are also applied to semiconductor device manufacturing. They are commonly used to melt and process materials such as silicon, gallium arsenide, and indium phosphide. Besides, PBN crucibles find applications in R&D applications such as crystal growth, high-temperature experiments, and materials testing. 

PBN Crucibles vs. Other Crucibles

  • One of the main advantages of PBN crucibles over other types of crucibles is their high temperature resistance. They can withstand temperatures up to 2,000°C, which far exceeds the temperature limits of other crucibles such as magnesia (1,800°C), graphite, and alumina (1,700°C). 

  • Another advantage of PBN crucibles is their chemical inertness. As a material that is highly resistant to most chemicals including acids, alkalis, and molten metals, PBN can withstand corrosive environments such as those found in the semiconductor industry.

  • In addition to its performance advantages, PBN crucibles are also environmentally friendly. They contain no harmful substances, emit no harmful gases, and do not produce toxic waste, making them safer choices for high-temperature applications.

  • Although PBN crucibles have some advantages over other types of crucibles, they also have some limitations. First, they are more expensive than other types of crucibles and more delicate, and require careful handling to avoid damage.


In short, PBN crucibles offer many advantages over traditional graphite or quartz crucibles due to their high-temperature resistance, chemical inertness, and thermal shock resistance. Because of their high level of purity and outstanding performance, these crucibles are important tools for researchers and manufacturers in the semiconductor industry and beyond.

Advanced Ceramic Materials (ACM) is a leading supplier of advanced ceramic materials. Hope that you can get the perfect PBN crucibles for your project. For more information, please visit our homepage.
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